Heavenly springs

Badab Surat springs

Badab Surat springs include two springs with completely different waters in terms of color, smell, taste and flow. The spring has very salty water and a pool with a diameter of approximately 15 meters and a great depth, which is mainly used for bathing in summer and is useful for treating back and leg pain, skin diseases, rheumatism and especially migraines. Also, this spring does not freeze in winter due to its salinity. The second spring, which is located upstream and northwest of the first spring, has a sour taste and has red, red and orange colors. The flow of sedimentary and mineral waters of these springs over the years, on the downstream slope of the mountain, has created hundreds of floors and dozens of beautiful ponds in orange, yellow and red colors in different sizes. These floors and ponds are in fact the main attraction and unique feature of Badab Surat springs, which was registered in the list of national monuments of Iran in 2008 as the second natural heritage of the country and are considered as the most important sights of Sari.

Heavenly springs
Heavenly springs

Source of Iranian sites

Takht Suleiman Takab

According to Tabnak, in the center of the complex, there is a lake that is the beating heart of the complex. Lake Takht-e-Soliman is a spring of thousands of years of boiling and calcareous springs that pump water from the depths of the aquifers to the surface.

The lake has always been studied by experts in geology, archeology, mythology and religion, and many speculations have been made about it. The construction and operation of Takht-e Soleiman has been completely dependent on the existence of this spring and its impact can be clearly seen in this complex.

Due to its calcareous nature, the water of this spring is not suitable for drinking by humans or animals and causes digestive problems. On the other hand, the intensity of the salts does not allow diving and sighting in the depths of the spring, and for this reason, there are many secrets about it. Under these circumstances, the market for local myths and legends heats up and strange tales fall on the tongues, the accuracy of which can not be verified.

Swimming equals death!
Around the throne of Solomon, there are several paintings with the theme of “no swimming”. Remember that Lake Solomon only welcomes its inexperienced guests with death. Next to this lake, you can see the tombs of some of our compatriots who went into the lake and never returned. Of course, the lake returned the body of one of them, who was buried there.

National and global registration
This lake is a part of Takht-e Soleiman complex, which was registered in the list of historical monuments of the country on December 20, 1316, number 308. In 2001, the world registration file of Takht-e Soleiman complex was opened in UNESCO and in July 2003, it was registered as the fourth Iranian work after Choghaznabil, Persepolis and Naghsh Jahan Square, number 1077.

A famous indigenous story about the formation of Lake Takht-e-Soliman
A local story tells that the boiling spring of the lake was created as a result of the beating of Solomon’s staff at this point. In this story, it is said that Prophet Solomon strikes his staff on the ground and at this point, springs begin to boil, which over time turn into a modern lake.

Another belief states that Hormozd, the king of Iran, learned that a holy son was born in Bethlehem. He sends a messenger to commemorate the baby’s birth and tells him:

Tell the mother of that child that your child will be an honorable, virtuous, famous and honorable person.

The envoy acts according to the order and when he returns, the mother of the child, who was Mary, gives him bags of dirt and tells the envoy such a message:

Tell your king that this soil contains construction.

On the way back, the envoy fell ill at Solomon’s throne and buried the bag there before he died. When the news reached the king, he ordered that buildings be erected at this point. At the same time, from the burial place of the soil bag, a spring from the ground boils to become a source of prosperity.

Legends about Lake Takht-e-Soliman
The legends of this mysterious lake are not one or two, and there are many stories in many circles about languages ​​that show this phenomenon much more complex than an ordinary lake. The most famous myth is the existence of countless treasures in the depths of the lake. It is said that there was a city under the lake where precious objects are left today and there are signs of them. It is interesting to know that no trace of these treasures has been found in any of the historical periods, and due to the unavailability of the depth of the lake and the lack of proper search, it is difficult to expect that traces of that city and its treasures can still be found. Here are the most interesting stories about the lake treasure:

Treasure of Cyrus the Great
Perhaps the most distant historical event that refers to the existence of valuables in the lake is related to the time of Cyrus the Great, the Achaemenid king. It is said that in 547 BC, this powerful king, after defeating the king of Lydia named Croesus, brought him to Iran and settled in a place called Barn near present-day Hamedan.

Croesus is a kingdom that is still known as rich in the history of the world, and Europeans liken very rich people to Croesus. He was the first king to introduce coinage and hoarded much wealth. When he was brought to Iran, Cyrus took the treasury of his valuables and threw it in the water of the holy lake of Takht-e Soleiman as a vow.

Parthian Treasure
Historical documents contain accounts of wars between the Roman Empire and the Parthian Empire. One of these sayings, known in the history of Rome, Egypt and the world as the historical story of Cleopatra and Anthony, tells an interesting story. The story goes that a Roman general named Antonio besieged the throne of Solomon, which was then called Ganzak, in 36 BC. In the midst of this siege and the conflicts that ensued, the guards of the Holy Temple, when they felt threatened and the castle might fall, threw valuables in the fire temple and the temple into the lake so that no one would have access to them and no vows. To protect them from the enemy.

Sassanid treasure
Khosrow Parviz, the Sassanid king, was always at war with the Roman king Heraclius. The Roman forces were able to capture the throne of Solomon in 624 AD after many conflicts and wars. Before the complete conquest of the Throne of Solomon, the vows and treasures in the fire temple were thrown into the lake by the priests so that the enemy would not have access to them.

Zoroastrian priests believe that this lake is the goddess of waters

It belongs to the name of Venus or Anahita, and it has been customary to pour votive items into it. This was done by the owner in order to preserve these objects and was considered permissible.

With the outbreak of Persian-Arab wars in the early days of Islam and the occupation of Iran, the forces of the second caliph were able to besiege the fort. At that time, it is not unlikely that treasures and vows were dumped in the lake.

Antiquities in the village of Takht-e Soleiman
The complex of historical buildings in Takht-e Soleiman is built around a sedimentary spring. The water of this spring, which rises from a depth of more than 120 meters from the ground and flows into the surrounding lands, has a lot of salts that make it unsuitable for drinking and agriculture. Contrary to popular belief, this is not a lake and no water flows into it. Sediments from these salts have shaped and changed the edge of the spring over the centuries.

Traces and buildings of the Parthian, Sassanid and Mongol dynasties have been found in this place. The most important remnants of it are fire temples and halls of the Sassanid period. Some other Sassanid works have been made in Belqis Mountain and Suleiman Prison near Takht-e Soleiman village. The ancient Shizah Archaeological Site is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and major projects are underway to reconstruct and excavate it.

Source of Iranian sites

Qazvin Chehelston Palace

Chehel Soton Palace is one of the most beautiful and valuable historical buildings in Qazvin, built during the Safavid period. Shah Tahmasb Safavid in 951 AH due to the attacks of the Ottoman Turks decided to move the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin.

Shah Tahmaseb ordered the chosen architects of the country to build a square garden in it and build magnificent mansions, halls, porches and beautiful basins among them. Shah Tahmaseb Safavid built it from the plan of a Turkish architect in a very small checkered pattern with very delicate and beautiful wooden windows. The pergola mansion with the head in Aali Qapo are the only surviving buildings of the Safavid garden. This garden was very large, its length was from the street located in the north of the current square to the rare yard and its width was from the front of the Post and Telegraph Office to the western wall of Bank Melli branch, but the streets destroyed a lot of this garden. A large one called Sabzeh Maidan was dedicated to the public promenade.

In this garden, there is a two-storey building (two floors) with four streets built on all four sides. The South Street was longer, wider, and much cleaner than the other streets. The sides of the streets were lined with tall sycamore trees, and the garden was covered with fruit trees.

Qazvin Chehelston Mansion

There were two ponds to the north and south of the mansion, where water always flowed into the pond from the streams around the pergola and from the stream in the middle of South Street to the rare courtyard. This mansion was known as Shah Tahmasb’s pergola before 1300 AH. The mansion has forty columns of octagons and is built on two floors with an area of ​​approximately 500 square meters.

Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion
The plan of the building has a plan with cruciform (cross) and extrovert axes. The first floor of the building has a large hall with four rooms on different sides with different geometry. The building has four porches that were open in the past and a pleasant air flow passed through it, but today it is closed with a window to enclose and preserve the decorations. This building is architecturally built in such a way that in summer, there was a pleasant air inside it. The slope of the entrance door allows airflow to be directed to the center. A portico with brick columns and semicircular arches surrounds this floor. Its plinths are made of stone and the rest are made of bricks. Almost the entire building is covered with paintings that belong to the Safavid and Qajar eras.

Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion
The first floor of the building belongs to the Safavid period, while the second floor changed a lot during the Qajar period. The upper floor also has a central hall that is larger than the upper hall. There are four earring rooms on its four sides, which were added to the building during the Qajar period. There is a circular slave around the building, which is decorated with circular brick columns on the first floor and formed with thin Qajar wooden columns on the second floor.

Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion Qazvin Chehelston Mansion
The roof of the first floor has a beautiful moqarnas and there is a pool on the floor, which is similar to the north and south of the building, and the flow of water causes pleasant air to flow inside the building. Of course, now only the central and southern basins remain and have been repaired, but the northern basin has been destroyed and the water flow has been cut off to prevent moisture.

Decorations of Chehelston Palace in Qazvin
Almost the whole building is covered with paintings. The hall is the most important and beautiful part of the building. Due to the change in the use of the building during the Pahlavi era, the governorate painted the walls and ceiling murals with plaster and whitewashed, and because the plaster did not stick to the polished surface of the paintings, most of them were preserved, which caused great damage to the building decorations. The openings that connect the hall to the porches have arches, the number and variety of which show the different periods that pass on this building. The building on the second floor is a large hall that had 5 high fountains on each side with wide sash. Its plan is square and on its 4 sides there are four earrings (rooms in the two corners of the space which are located on the upper floor) which were added to the building during the Qajar period.

Gholam surrounds the building even on the second floor, where they have placed smooth and delicate wooden columns that belong to the Qajar period. The roof of Gholam Garkesh and the hall was a khanchepo-covered frame, which had a painting in the past, but today it is covered with a layer of dark green color. This palace is a living example of architectural diversity in the Safavid era and is an octagonal structure on a 30 cm platform.

Around the porch there are brick cylindrical columns with semicircular arches that were added in the Qajar period.

The hall has four royal residences and its dimensions have probably changed in the next repairs. The second floor is covered with decorations and paintings of which nothing is left but a few paintings.

There are 3 layers of paintings on the walls of this building, the first layer is related to the Safavid period, the second layer is related to the Safavid school, and the third layer is related to the Qajar period. During the Safavid period, watercolors were used in paintings and the colors were softer, but during the Qajar period, vegetable colors were used and the colors became a little sharper.

The paintings of the Safavid period are miniature paintings with soft lines of curvature

Source of Iranian sites